The 1500s

Overview:


The 1500s were characterized by disputes and changes among organized religions in europe. martin luther got things started when he had problems with the roman catholic church and it’s corruption. he broke away from the church and began lutheranism as the first protestant (protesting) religion.


Not long after him, king henry VIII of england separated his country away from the roman catholic church as well. his reasons were because the pope and leader of catholicism would not grant him a divorce from his wife.


The catholic church responded to all of this with the jesuits, who defended the church, the counter reformation, which tried to acknowledge the problems  with the church, and the council of trent, which tried to make changes in order to fix these problems.


Meanwhile the ottoman turks tried to exact revenge from the crusades in which their islamic people had been murdered in jerusalem by catholic knights carrying out the orders of the pope. The Germans and romans combined forces to put the ottoman turks down. This was ironic since the germans and romans had now gone their separate ways, with the germans embracing protestantism, and the romans holding onto catholicism. still, when a common enemy arose in the ottoman turks, the germans and romans put their differences in religion aside,and joined together in order to put the enemy down.


In the second part of the century, spain rose up in power and took control of the holy roman empire. Queen elizabeth, in england, also rose to power, and took over the english throne. Spain attacked england, hoping to reunite england with the roman catholic church and reverse what henry the VIII had done. queen elizabeth took england to battle against the spanish armada and was victorious.


Finally, in france, protestants known as huguenots, went to battle with the rest of france over the right to practice their own religion. the century that began with germany and england separating from the roman catholic church ended with people in france doing the same thing. it was truly a century for religious conflict and uprising.