The Century began with voyages and settlements on the new land, America. First Jamestown, virginia. Then Hudson, sailing into New York and the Pilgrims on Plymouth rock.

While all of this was happening in america, a war of religion broke out in europe. the thirty years war, where the ideas of lutheranism from the previous century had now reached their full potential and spread throughout the continent. the war was spain and italy (catholicism) against france and germany (Protestantism), and it was the first  ever continent-wide war.

right in the middle of the thirty years war, scientists began making discoveries. the age of science began, influenced in large part by the way lutheranism and other religions (such as calvinism) were challenging the catholic church. If other religions could do it, then why couldn’t science, something that could be mathematically proven?

And so Galileo and Kepler started off with their ideas and were followed by descartes and bacon a decade later. And all of this led to John Locke challenging the laws and power of religion, at the end of the century, and the start of the age of enlightenment.

The 1600s were categorized by exploration of new lands, the thirty years war for religion, and the age of science. the exploring and settlement of new lands was often by groups of people trying to escape religious persecution. the thirty years war was the inevitable  conflict over religion that had been building up for over a century. Finally, the age of science was the first sign that people were now open to ideas that went against or contradicted the ideas of religion.